Prevention of Sexual Harassment at Workplace

Prevention of Sexual Harassment at Workplace
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The recent harassment case of Tarun Tejpal (editor of investigatory journalism magazine, Tehelka) has delivered to the fore the inept redressal of harassment complaints at intervals the Indian firms. The Supreme Court of Republic of India in 1997, for the primary time, acknowledged harassment at the geographic point as a person's rights violation in Vishaka et al. v. State of Rajasthan[i] (the Vishaka judgment). This judgment created it necessary for employers the least bit workplaces to watch the rules arranged  down in that.

However, the law handling this pertinent issue has been enacted nearly sixteen years once the judgment on the Vishaka case was passed. The harassment of girls at geographic point (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013; (hereinafter the Act) aims at providing "protection against harassment of girls at geographic point and bar and redressal of complaints of harassment."[ii] it had been notified by the Central Government on Dec nine, 2013 and it replaces the rules provided within the Vishaka judgment.

In addition, the Parliament has strong the penal law whereby it's enclosed penalisation for harassment within the Indian legal code, 1860).[iii] The duty of leader includes that he should give help to a girl worker if she opts to file a police grievance or he will by himself initiate action against the offender below the Indian legal code, 1860.[iv] additional, the Supreme Court has additionally taken a proactive approach by introducing the Gender Sensitization and harassment of girls at Supreme Court of Republic of India (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) rules, 2013.

I harassment and geographic point – Definition


The definition of ‘sexual harassment’ stipulated within the Act includes any unwelcome sexually determined behaviour like physical contact and advances, demand or request for sexual favours, sexually colored remarks, showing smut, or the other unwelcome physical verbal or non-verbal conduct of sexual nature. This wide definition takes under consideration direct or silent acts of such nature.[v]

The Act stipulates that a girl mustn't be subjected to harassment at any geographic point. As per the statute, the presence or prevalence of circumstances that imply the promise of discriminatory treatment in employment; the threat of unfavourable treatment in employment; the threat regarding gift or future employment; interference with work or making associate degree discouraging or offensive or hostile work environment; or humbling treatment that is probably going to own associate degree adverse impact on any girl employee's health or safety falls at intervals the reach of harassment.[vi]

The Act has provided a large connotation to the term 'workplace'. It takes under consideration the particular place of labor and therefore the areas connected to that together with the transport that the worker uses for travelling to her geographic point. Also, the Act is applicable to each the unionised similarly because the unorganised sector in Republic of India.

II Constitution and dealing of Internal Complaints Committee


The Act mandates the institution of Internal Complaints Committee the least bit branches or offices of organizations wherever a minimum of 10 or a lot of staff ar utilized.

The constitution of the Committee is as follows:

1. It ought to be headed by a ladies utilized at a senior level.

2. 1/2 the members ought to be ladies.

3. It ought to embrace a 3rd party NGO/other body.

4. 2 persons amongst staff committed to the explanation for women/experience in social work/legal data ought to type a part of the Committee.

The maximum amount that any member will occupy an edge within the Committee is 3 years.

Interim Reliefs - throughout pendency of enquiry, the litigant could also be transferred or granted leave if therefore requested. Further, the defendant person are often restrained from reportage on the work performance of the litigant.

A report bearing on the findings of the aforesaid committee ought to lean to the leader at intervals 10 days. If the act of harassment is well-tried then action should be taken against the wrongdoer below harassment of girls at geographic point (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Rules, 2013 or the compensation to the litigant is to be subtracted from the regular payment of wrongdoer. The Act clearly mandates that the leader has sixty days to influence the recommendations of the interior Complaints Committee.

The following courses of action are often taken against the offender:

a)      Written apology;

b)      Warning;

c)      Reprimand;

d)      Withholding increments/promotion;

e)      Termination from service;

f)        Undergoing direction session; and

g) concluding community service.

If the litigant needs, the Committee will settle the matter through conciliation (but not as a financial settlement). once the matter is settled during this manner, terms of settlement ought to be then communicated to the leader WHO shall then take action. If conciliation isn't most popular by the aggrieved feminine worker then associate degree inquiry should be conducted by the aforesaid Committee.

Also, the Committee should prepare associate degree annual report back to be submitted to the leader and therefore the District officer of the district wherever the organization is located.

III Obligation of Employers


The employer's obligations below the Act ar as follows:

a)      Providing a secure operating atmosphere at the workplace;

b)      Displaying at the geographic point, details of - the penal consequences of gratification in acts of harassment, composition of the interior Complaints Committee and therefore the convenience of the grievance redressal mechanism for aggrieved employees;

c)      Providing necessary facilities to Internal Complaints Committee for presiding over enquiry and handling complaints;

d)      Taking disciplinary action once associate degree allegation of harassment has been proved;

e)      Encouraging staff to lift any issue of sexual harassment;

f) once an out of doors party is imagined to have subjected worker to harassment, serving to the worker to initiate action against such person; and

g) concluding worker awareness programs.

IV Penalties


The Act has obligatory a penalty of fifty thousand rupees for:

(a) Non-establishment of internal committee by the organization.

(b) Not submitting the annual report by the interior Committee.

(c) Not submitting the inquiry report by the interior Committee.

(d) Not taking action against false complaint/evidence.

The Act additionally provides that if associate degree leader is condemned once more for same offence then he could also be tortured with double the penalisation as prescribed below the Act. what is more his licence could also be off or the registration needed by him for activity his business or activity could also be withdrawn or not revived.

V Conclusion


It is regarding time that society shows a 'zero tolerance' perspective towards this shameful act. These humbling acts tend to discourage ladies from absorbing vocations of their selection or force them to be silent sufferers at the geographic point.

This useful piece of legislation can't be thought-about to be associate degree all- encompassing one because it should plug a number of loopholes. As matters of harassment demand sensitivity and accountable action from the managing authority, conciliation as mode of settlement of aforesaid issue might not be a favourable live. Such associate degree act of harassment causes a psychological impact on the aggrieved girl and he or she might not be in a very stable frame of mind to settle this issue through conciliation. Also, this legislation poses a frightening task for the leader to ascertain Internal Complaints Committee at each workplace of the organisation. Further, the time sure redressal of such matter by the leader might face roadblocks as these problems would like thorough investigation and assessment of the complaints.

Nevertheless, it's a major and positive step that a law governing harassment at the geographic point has been written, because it has established a proper system for try this grave issue.



[i] AIR 1997 SC 3011

[ii] Preamble to the harassment of girls at geographic point (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013

[iii]Section 354A-‘Sexual harassment and penalisation for sexual harassment’ has been additional by the legal code (Amendment) Act, 2013. The penalisation for harassment varies between 1-3years reckoning on the character of the crime. The legal code (Amendment) Act, 2013 has on condition that crimes of this nature can currently be thought-about as bailable offence

[iv] Section 19(g) and Section 19(h), The harassment of girls at geographic point (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013

[v] Section 2(n), The harassment of girls at geographic point (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013

[vi] Section three, The harassment of girls at geographic point (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013
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